Swagger is extremely useful when developing and debugging Web APIs. Some dev environments however got a bit of security added on top which can get a bit too painful to work around.

Enter API key

It doesn’t need to be tedious! We’ll be looking at overriding Swagger-UI’s index page so we can plug a custom handler into¬†onComplete¬†callback. Solution is extremely simple:

  1. Grab latest index.html from Swashbuckle’s source repo (ideally, get the matching version)
  2. Tweak configObject to add an OnComplete callback handler so it will call preauthorizeApiKey when the UI is ready
  3. Override IndexStream in UserSwaggerUI extension method to serve the custom html

I ended up having the following setup (some bits are omitted for brevity):

wwwroot/swashbuckle.html

<!-- your standard HTML here, nothing special -->
<script>
    // some boilerplate initialisation
    // Begin Swagger UI call region
    configObject.onComplete = () => {

        // get the authorization portion of the query string
        var urlParams = new URLSearchParams(window.location.search);
        if (urlParams.has('authorization')) {
            var apikey = urlParams.get('authorization');

            // this is the important bit, see documentation
            ui.preauthorizeApiKey('api key', apikey );// key name must match the one you defined in AddSecurityDefinition method in Startup.cs
       }
    }
    const ui = SwaggerUIBundle(configObject);
    window.ui = ui        
}
</script>

Startup.cs

    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        .........
        services.AddSwaggerGen(c => {
            c.SwaggerDoc("v1", new Info { Title = "You api title", Version = "v1" });
            c.AddSecurityDefinition("api key", new ApiKeyScheme() // key name must match the one you supply to preauthorizeApiKey call in JS
            {
                Description = "Authorization query string expects API key",
                In = "query",
                Name = "authorization",
                Type = "apiKey"
            });

            var requirements = new Dictionary<string, IEnumerable<string>> {
                { "api key", new List<string>().AsEnumerable() }
            };
            c.AddSecurityRequirement(requirements);
        });
    }

    // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to configure the HTTP request pipeline.
    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
    {
        app.UseSwagger();
        app.UseSwaggerUI(c =>
        {
            c.IndexStream = () => File.OpenRead("wwwroot/swashbuckle.html"); // this is the important bit. see documentation https://github.com/domaindrivendev/Swashbuckle.AspNetCore/blob/master/README.md
            c.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/v1/swagger.json", "My API V1"); // very standard Swashbuckle init
        });
        app.UseMvc();
    }

After having finished all that, calling the standard swagger URL with ?authorization=1234567890 should automatically authorize the page.